Information in English

Occupational therapy is a profession concernd with

Occupational therapy – the scientific term for which is “ergotherapy” and
is derived from the Greek ergon meaning “work”- proceeds on the assumption
that “being active” is a basic human need and that specifically selected
activity will have a health –promotion and therapeutic effect. This is why
occupational therapy supports and accompanies people of all ages whose
functional ability (ability to engage in activity) is restricted or who
are threatened by restrictions, and/ ore would loke to increase their
functional ability.

The aim of occupational therapy is to make people stronger in their
environment when they are carrying out what is for them meaningful
activities and where it concerns their self-care, productivity and

Occupational therapy makes resources-oriented. Targeted use of specific
activities, environment adaptation and advice. This enables the client
to increase his functional ability in activities of daily living (ADL),
his social participation, and his quality of life and life satisfaction.

Dachs Definition of occupational therapy, 2007


Occupational therapy is a profession concerned with promoting health and
well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is
to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life.
Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by enabling people to do
things that will enhance their ability to participate or by modifying the
environment to better support participation.

Occupational therapists have a broad education that equips them with skills
and knowledge to work collaboratively with individuals or groups of people
who have an impairment of body structure or function due to a health condition,
and who experience barriers to participation. Occupational therapists believe
that participation can be supported or restricted by physical, social,
attitudinal and legislative environments. Therefore, occupational therapy
practice may be directed to changing aspects of the environment to enhance

Occupational therapy is practised in a wide range of settings, including
hospitals, health centres, homes, workplaces, schools, reform institutions
and housing for seniors. Clients are actively involved in the therapeutic
process, and outcomes of occupational therapy are diverse, client-driven
and measured in terms of participation or satisfaction derived from participation.


Occupational therapists work with all age groups and in a wide range of
physical and psychosocial areas.

Places of employment may include hospitals, clinics, day and rehabilitation
centres, home care programmes, special schools, industry and private enterprise.

Many occupational therapists work in private practice and as educators and



The occupational therapy process is based on initial and repeated assessments.
The occupational therapist together with the person seeking help will focus
on individual and environmental abilities and problems related to activities
in the person’s daily life.

Assessment includes the use of standardised procedures, interviews, observations
in a variety of settings and consultation with significant people in the
person’s life.


The results of the assessment are the basis of the plan which includes short
and long-term aims of treatment. The plan should be relevant to the person’s
development stage, habits, roles, life-style preferences and the environment.


Intervention focuses on programs that are person oriented and environmental.
These are designed to facilitate performance of everyday tasks and adaptation
of settings in which the person works, lives and socialises. Examples include
teaching new techniques and providing equipment which facilitate independence
in personal care, reducing environmental barriers and providing resources to
lessen stress.


Occupational therapists recognise the importance of teamwork. Cooperation and
coordination with other professionals, families, caregivers and volunteers are
important in the realisation of the holistic approach.


The key international representative for Occupational Therapists and Occupational
Therapy around the world and the official international organization for the
promotion of occupational therapy.

WFOT Secretariat

PO Box 30


Western Australia

Australia 6058


Phone: 61 8 9453 9746